EXTRACTS FROM CHAPTER III OF NDLAMBE MUNICIPAL BY-LAWS
PROVISIONS RELATING TO KEEPING OF DOGS, CATS AND PETS
Part 1 – General Provisions relating to dogs, cats and pets
- NUMBER OF DOGS AND CATS
(1) Subject to the provisions of section 15, no person may, without the permission of the municipality, keep on any premises –
(a) more than two dogs; and
(b) more than two cats.
(2) An application for permission in terms of subsection (1) must be submitted on an application form obtainable from the municipality and must contain an exposition of the breed, gender and number of dogs or cats applied for.
(4) A person who contravenes subsection (1) commits an offence.
- DOGS OR CATS IN PUBLIC PLACES
(1) The owner or keeper of a dog or cat may not bring or allow it in a street or public place unless the dog is on a leash or the cat is under physical control.
(2) Except in the event of a blind person being lead by a guide dog, a person in charge of a dog in a street or public place, must remove any faeces left by the dog by wrapping it in paper or plastic and disposing of it in a receptacle provided for litter or refuse.
(3) A person who contravenes any of the provisions of subsection (1) or (2) commits an offence.
Part 2 – Specific provisions relating to dogs
- CONTROL OF DOGS
(1) No person who owns or keeps a dog may –
- permit a bitch on heat to be in a street or public place without supervision;
- urge a dog to attack, worry or frighten any person or animal unless in self-defence;
- keep a dog if the premises is not adequately fenced to keep such dog inside when it is not on a leash; or
- permit a dog –
- to trespass on private property;
- to constitute a hazard to traffic using any public road;
- to constitute source of danger or injury to a person outside the premises on which such dog is kept; or
- to be a source of danger to employees of the municipality entering such premises for the purpose of carrying out their duties. A notice to the effect that a dog is kept must be displayed in a conspicuous place.
(e) keep any dog which interferes materially with the comfort, convenience, peace or quiet of neighbours by–
- barking, yelping, howling or whining;
- charging any vehicles, animals, poultry, pigeons or persons outside any premises where it is kept; or
- by behaving in any other manner.
(2) The municipality may seize and impound at a dog which is found in a street or public place in contravention with the provisions of this by-law.
(3) A dog impounded in terms of subsection 2 may be released to the owner upon payment of a fee determined by the municipality.
(4) A person who contravenes a provision of subsection (1) commits an offence.
REGULATIONS REGARDING THE USE OF DRONES
ROC: Remote Operating Certificate
RPA: Remotely Piloted Aircraft
RPL: Remote Pilot Licence
R-VLOS: Restricted Visual Line of Sight
SACAA: South African Civil Aviation Authority
South African Drone Laws 2018: 7 Most Important Rules
- For personal use only – no commercial outcome (such as making money from photography).
- Only fly over property you own, or have permission to fly over.
- Keep line of sight with the drone 121 m or 400 feet height above ground level unless you hold an ROC and it is approved by SACAA.
- Do not fly in any manner to cause obstruction or danger to any nearby persons or objects.
- Do not fly within 50m of any buildings, schools hospitals or public spaces.
- Do not fly within 10km radius of any nearby airports.
- Only fly during daylight hours, with clear visibility.
The above list was compiled to simplify the most important rules for flying your RPAS (Remotely Piloted Aircraft System) simple. These seven simple rules come from the following regulations:
These regulations as stipulated by the South African Civil Aviation Authority (SACAA):
For private use
- the RPAS may only be used for an individual’s personal and private purposes where there is no commercial outcome, interest or gain;
- the RPA may only be operated over property for which the operator has ownership or permission;
- the RPAS can only be used in Restricted Visual Line of Sight which means within 500m of the pilot, and never to exceed the height of the highest obstacle within 300m of the pilot, during which the pilot can maintain direct unaided visual contact with the device to manage its flight and collision avoidance; and
- the pilot must observe all statutory requirements relating to liability, privacy and any other laws enforceable by any other authorities.
For all other use
- the RPA must first be approved by the South African Civil Aviation Authority for use by way of an RPA Letter of Authority (RLA);
- all RPAs must be registered by the South African Civil Aviation Authority prior to use;
- an RPA may only be operated in terms of Part 101 of the South African Civil Aviation Regulations which includes specific requirements that the operator shall hold an RPA Pilot License; and”
Private operation – means the use of an RPA for an individual’s personal and private purposes where there is no commercial outcome, interest or gain;
Restricted visual line-of-sight* – means an operation within 500 m of the remote pilot and below the height of the highest obstacle within 300 m of the RPA, which the remote pilot maintains direct unaided visual contact with the RPA to manage its flight and meet separation and collision avoidance responsibilities;
- It is the full responsibility of the remote pilot of the RPAS to fly his/her aircraft safely and not endanger safety of another aircraft, any person or property.
- The remote pilot must observe all statutory requirements relating to liability, privacy and any other laws enforceable by any other authorities.
Limitations and restrictions
Please adhere to the following for the safe operation of RPAS:
- Private operations of RPAS shall be conducted:
- only in R-VLOS
- with a Class 1A or 1B RPA (mass < 7 kg, Impact energy* < 15 kJ)
- Do not fly RPA:
- Near manned aircraft
- 10 km or closer to an aerodrome (airport, helipad or airfield)
- In controlled, restricted or prohibited areas
- Do not fly RPA 50m or closer from:
- Any person or group of persons (like sport fields, road races, stadiums, schools, social events, etc.)
- Public road
- Any property without permission from property owner
- Only fly RPA in daylight and clear weather conditions